What is the Full form of HSC?
The complete form of HSC is the Higher Secondary School Certificate. It is identified as HSSC, a public exam conducted by Intermediate College students in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. The various states in India conduct HSC examinations are
- Tamil Nadu
The exam structure varies from each Board, such as the MP and UP Board, the Bihar Board, the Maharashtra Board, the CBSE and ISC Board, and so on. The students are registered for the Higher Secondary Examination after the timely achievement of the Matriculation.
In India, the CBSE conducts the 12th or HSC or inter examination at the national scale, and the State Boards of Education and the NIOS (National Institute of Open Schooling) at the state level.
CBSE performs this once a year, and NIOS performs it twice yearly with a choice of on-demand exams in public examinations.
Higher Secondary Education
The Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education in Bangladesh recognizes “Higher Secondary Education” under clause 1(5) of the “Board of Trustees.” Higher Secondary Education comprises (a) general, (b) vocational, (c) technical, or (d) special education with a combination of varied courses. It is the continuation of the “Secondary Education Courses,” and it precedes the ” Tertiary Education” governed by the Universities. Class XI-XII is the range of “Higher Secondary Education” that roughly covers youth of 16-17 years of age in the context of Bangladesh. The Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) is a public examination credential in Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan. HSC is equivalent to GCE A Level in England and the United States 3rd and 4th year of high school.
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HISTORY Higher Secondary Education (HSC)
The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (SPCK) was the first step from the British Government to spread practical needs education along with religious education. In 1824, the General Committee of Public Instruction was established, proposing to include moral education in the Indian subcontinent. Then, a Directorate of Public Instruction (DPI) was established in each province in 1854 by the proposal of the Woods Education Dispatch.
The Hunter Commission, the first education commission in India, suggested the introduction of “A” Course (Literature) and “B” Course (Technical Education) and guided to establish higher education through private entrepreneurship and the government colleges to remain under divisional management. The Sadler Commission in 1917 had proposed introducing two years of university education merged among the colleges as Higher Secondary Education. Then in 1944, the Sargent Scheme proposed secondary education for children aged between 11 and 17.
The Akram Khan Committee and the Ataur Rahman Khan Commission were established consecutively in 1947 and 1957 to revise the education system. As a result, East Pakistan Secondary Education Board was established to examine secondary-level institutions. This Board was split, and 6 boards were established at each division in pursuance of the Ordinance- 1961
After Bangladesh’s independence, the Government directly controlled secondary and higher secondary education and nationalized a good number of schools and colleges. The office of the Director of Public Instruction (DPI) was renamed the Directorate of Secondary and Higher Education (DSHE)] in 1981
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Categories of HSC
The Higher Secondary School Certificate is classified into two categories.
- Science Program
- Non-Science Program
The common subjects in HSC examinations are listed below.
- Business studies
- Agriculture and so on.