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DGP Full Form
Director General of Police (DGP) is a rank in the Indian Police Service held by the highest ranking police officer in a State or a Union Territory of India, typically heading the State or the UT police force. The DGP is appointed by the cabinet and holds a three-star rank.
There may also be additional officers in the State who hold the rank of DGP. Typical appointments for such officers include the Director of the Vigilance and Anti-Corruption Bureau, Director General of Prisons, Director General of fire forces and civil defense, Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Police Housing Society, etc. Additionally, officers who hold the rank of DGP may have commensurate appointments in central government organizations such as the Director, Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), Director SVPNPA, DG Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), etc. The rank insignia of a Director General of Police or Commissioner of Police (in Delhi) is the national emblem over crossed sword and baton. DGP-ranked officers wear Gorget patches on their collars, which have a dark blue background with an oak leaf pattern stitched on them, similar to ADGs and IGs.
DGP Full Form in Police
If you are asked what the complete form of DGP is, you can answer that it simply refers to the “Director General Of Police.” He is also considered “State Police Chief” because of his highest rank in the police department in any state or Union Territory of India.
DGP Full Meaning
He is considered the highest rank officer of Police in any state or Union Territory of India. He is called the head of the Indian state police or the Police of the Indian Union Territory. He is also called “State Police Chief.” He is the person who holds a three-star rank and is appointed by the cabinet of the Indian Police Services.
There may also present some additional officers in the Indian State who holds this rank & joint appointments of such type of officers are mentioned below:
- Director of Vigilance and Anti-Corruption Bureau
- Director-General of Prisons
- Director-General of fire forces and civil defense
- Criminal Investigation Department ( CID )
- Police Housing Society, etc.
Such DGP officers may also make commensurate appointments in the organizations of the Central Government, such as:
- Director of Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)
- Director of SVPNPA
- DG, Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
We have already learned DGP complete form in the Police, the highest authority in India’s State or Union Territory. He is also assisted by other additional or special DGPs who are considered responsible for a separate bureau in the State, such as law & order, crime, etc.
Director-General of Police (DGP)
- DGP is the highest-ranking Police in the Indian State and Union Territory.
- They are also known as State Police Chiefs.
- The Director-General of Police (DGP) holds a 3-star rank.
- DGP is selected from the Indian Police Service (IPS) cadre.
- The cabinet appoints the DGP.
Other police officers in the State holding the rank of DGP are the Director General of Civil Defence, Fire Forces, Director General of Prisons, Criminal Investigation Department (CID), and Director of Vigilance and Anti-Corruption Bureau.
Police officers holding the rank of DGP could have appointments in other Central Government organizations like the Director General (DG), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), and Director of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).
More Details : HSC Full Form
Role of DGP
We have gone through what is the complete form of DGP as well as its meaning of DGP. The role and functions of DGP are given below:
- The whole administration of the Police department of the State or Union Territory is vested in him.
- He acts as an adviser to the Government, where he works in all matters related to the administration of the Police department.
- He is responsible for the internal economy, equipment, training, the discipline of the police force, and efficient organization as a means of maintaining law & order, preventing and detecting crimes, etc. In short, he is responsible for efficiently discharging the duties of all the officers under him.
- The DGP must advise in police administration & crime & activities related to law & order.
- He has also been empowered to make rules and orders under the Police Act. Necessary orders that lead to radical changes must be taken with the Government’s prior approval by the DGP or IGP.
- He is also considered the central and foremost authority to direct operations in case of strikes, riots, political movements, industrial disputes, etc. Under such disturbances, police action is being taken under the DGP. He can also deploy reserve police during serious problems where it is necessary.
- The DGP must send copies of the tour program in advance to the Chief Minister, Home Minister, Chief Secretary & Home Secretary along with Commissioners of Police, Additional. Directors General of Police, Inspectors General of Police, Dy. Inspectors General of Police, Superintendents of Police, and other related officers.
Difference Between CP and DGP
We have learned DGP’s complete form in Police and his role in the Police. Let’s understand the difference between two critical officers in the Police:
The complete form of CP is “Commissioner of Police,” which is the officer in Police service and may be at the rank of ADGP or IGP and can also be at the rank of DIGP. He is empowered with executive magistrate powers and assisted by one or more Joint CPs. On the other hand, the DGP complete form in the police department is the Director-General of Police, said to be a 3-star rank officer and considered the highest rank officer in the State or the union territory. They are IPS officers and may have commensurate appointments in CBI, CRPF, etc.
- CP heads the Commissionarate in major Cities, Districts, etc. At the same time, DGP heads the Police department of the whole State.
- The CP is not found in all States, whereas the Director General of Police can be found in all the states or Union Territories.
- Commissioner of Police is a posting and not a rank where the senior-most police officer in a commissioner is the CP. In contrast, the Director-General of Police is the highest rank in the hierarchy of the State Police, and it is not called a posting.
- The CP is of different ranks. He could be the Inspector General of Police (IGP) Rank or
- Additional Director General of Police (ADGP) Rank or Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP), whereas the Director-General of Police is the highest-ranked officer in the States or Union Territories ( UT ). He heads the entire police department in the State of UT.
- In most scenarios, the Commissioner of Police ( CP ) reports to the (DGP), but there are some exceptions in the case of Delhi and Kolkata Police. On the other hand, the DGP does not report to the CP.
To sum up the discussion about the complete form of DGP police, we can say that in terms of hierarchy in the police administration in any state or Union Territory, he is the head who looks after the police department. Other officers, such as the Additional Director General of Police and Special officers, assist him. He performs the duty of a police head and advises the Government in matters of police administration. In this article, we have learned the full form of DGP or complete form of DGP, who is DGP, his roles & functions, and the difference between CP and DGP, etc. Usually, ordinary people know about DGP but do not know about the DGP complete form in police administration, and this article will help you to understand that.
We have learned DGP’s complete form and its related aspects. Let’s go through some important as well as related questions which are given below: